penal order

(Sections 407 ff. of the German Code of Criminal Procedure (StPO))
A penal order is an order imposing punishment and is obtained in simplified (summary) procedures for minor criminal offences. It can result in a final (non-appealable) conviction without an oral trial.
A penal order can be issued on the application of the public prosecutor in the case of minor criminal offences. The legal penalties that can be ordered pursuant to it are limited. These include such things as fines or, if the accused is represented by defence counsel, a prison term of up to one year if the enforcement of such is suspended and the accused put on probation. The accused has two weeks within which he respectively she can lodge an appeal against the penal order. If this is done, then a trial takes place.

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